Which Question Can Most Help a Writer Revise an Argumentative Essay?

Writing an effective argumentative essay is a vital skill for writers to master. It requires careful reasoning, thorough evidence, and persuasive language. However, few writers produce impeccable arguments on the first try. 

When seeking to enhance the effectiveness of an argumentative essay, one pivotal question that can guide the revision process is ‘How can this evidence better support my claims?’—an insightful inquiry that writers can consider for a more persuasive and well-structured paper, or they may opt for professional assistance to write my essay paper to refine their argumentative essay further. Revising an argumentative essay through several drafts is crucial to refine the writer’s ideas into a compelling case. But with so many potential areas to evaluate and improve, what questions should writers focus on to help guide the revision process? There are a few fundamental questions that every writer should ask when reviewing their own argumentative essays.

Does My Thesis Make a Strong, Arguable Claim?

The thesis statement is the foundation of an argumentative essay. It should declare the writer’s position on the issue and serve as a guide for the entire essay. When revising an argumentative thesis, the key question is – does this statement make a solid arguable claim? Too often, thesis statements are vague, broad, or simply restate facts about the topic. For example:

Bullying is a common problem in many schools.

This thesis fails to make any concrete arguable claim. It is merely observing a fact – that bullying occurs in academic settings. A more effective thesis would stake out a specific position that requires a defense. For example:

School administrators should adopt a zero-tolerance policy on bullying.

This thesis makes a much stronger argument by demanding a change of policy, which requires evidence and reasoning to support. When reviewing an argumentative essay thesis in revision, the writer should ensure their statement makes a specific, concrete claim that is open to debate – not merely a recitation of facts. The goal is for the thesis to be strong and controversial enough to pique readers’ interest and require further persuasion.

If the current thesis lacks these qualities, the writer should rework it to take a more defined stance that presents a substantive, compelling argument right from the start. A well-crafted thesis gives an essay direction and purpose – and revision is the time to get it right.

Does Each Paragraph Directly Support My Thesis?

When revising an argumentative essay, a crucial question to ask is ‘Does my thesis effectively address the opposing viewpoint?’—a thoughtful inquiry that, when answered strategically, can elevate the essay’s persuasiveness and coherence; alternatively, seeking support from the best essay writing services ensures a thorough evaluation of such crucial aspects for a refined and impactful argumentative essay. In an effective argument essay, the thesis acts as a guiding focal point that the entire paper works to defend. When revising body paragraphs, writers should ask – does the evidence and analysis in this paragraph directly strengthen and enhance my main argument? Often, essay drafts contain digressions or ambiguous passages that may touch on related topics but fail to connect back to the central claim.

Take the bullying essay example – a body paragraph providing background on the rise of social media is peripherally interesting but does not directly link to reasons a school should adopt an anti-bullying policy. When reviewing paragraphs in revision, trace each point back to the original thesis step-by-step. Confirm every piece of evidence and explanation ultimately supports the central argument.

Any paragraphs that seem disconnected from the core argument should be deleted or rewritten to tie their ideas explicitly back to the main claim. Maintaining this thesis-focused unity throughout the essay gives the argument power, clarity and purpose. From introduction to conclusion, every element should work collectively to convince readers of the position staked out in the thesis.

Do I Adequately Address the Counterargument?

One hallmark of strong argument writing is substantively engaging with counterarguments or opposing perspectives. Introducing counterarguments shows readers that the writer has seriously grappled with alternative viewpoints before arriving at their stance. Neglecting to address counterarguments is a major weakness that damages an essay’s effectiveness and credibility.

When revising an argumentative essay, writers should specifically ask – have I properly represented and refuted plausible counterarguments? There are a few techniques to thoughtfully consider opposing views. Sometimes, the easiest approach is to raise a counterargument in a separate paragraph, explain its reasoning, and then follow up with a rebuttal showing its flaws. This technique explicitly engages other positions paragraph-by-paragraph.

However, occasionally it is more effective to embed rebuttals of counterarguments throughout the essay. For instance, when making a key point in favor of the main argument, briefly showing how it withstands a common objection can lend it additional force. Regardless of placement, counterarguments should always be represented fairly and then directly refuted. Handling objections clearly signals writers have thoroughly wrestled with different sides – strengthening their original position.

Is My Evidence Concrete and Relevant?

The evidence and examples used in an argumentative essay cannot be theoretical or ambiguous. Writers need compelling facts, statistics, expert opinions, definitions, anecdotes and other forms of evidence to ground their claims. During revision, ask whether the support given for each key point is concrete, relevant and persuasive. Or is the evidence vague, unsupported or disconnected from the claim it allegedly backs up?

For example, simply asserting “Most people support this policy based on values like justice and fairness” contains theoretical concepts rather than verifiable facts and data. Revising to cite specific surveys, polls or expert research would strengthen the argument with real evidence. Additionally, ensure evidence stays focused on defending the essay’s specific claims rather than going off on tangents. The revision stage allows writers to identify flimsy evidence and replace it with more legitimate information. Strong evidence is the lifeblood of effective arguments.

Is My Essay Well-Organized?

Logical organization is critical for argumentative essays to build their case effectively. When revising an essay draft, writers should assess if the structure flows in an understandable, persuasive sequence. The introduction should provide background, briefly summarize both sides, and present the thesis. Body paragraphs should then follow a sensible order while transitioning smoothly between ideas. Finally, the conclusion should reinforce the thesis and main points without repeating previous material.

Within paragraphs, ensure the topic sentence introduces the central point and all sentences support it clearly. If any parts of the essay seem disjointed or out of order, rearrange sentences and paragraphs to improve flow. Verify the pieces connect to form one unified whole rather than disjointed fragments. Polishing the essay’s organization clarifies the logical progression of ideas, making the argument more compelling.

Am I Maintaining an Appropriate Tone?

An argument essay’s tone should be formal enough to show the writer is serious about carefully persuading a skeptical audience. While avoided, the tone should not become stiff, impersonal or arrogant. When revising for tone, eliminate rhetorical questions, repetitive phrasing, excessive figurative language, humor, sarcasm or personal anecdotes. These elements undermine an academic argumentative tone. However, the essay can still have hints of personality by showcasing intellect and passion if handled deftly.

Overall, word choice should be precise, impartial and nuanced. Maintain poise when presenting evidence and avoid an indignant or self-righteous attitude. Yet the tone can remain earnest and urgent when done thoughtfully. Find a balance between showcasing humanity and professional credibility. The goal is to establish an ethical, reasoned voice that sways readers through logic instead of pure emotion.


Revising an argumentative essay requires carefully examining many interconnected facets: thesis, evidence, counterarguments, organization, tone and more. Keeping a set of key questions in mind helps writers maintain focus on strengthening their argument in every dimension. Analyzing whether the thesis is arguable, if support is concrete, whether counterarguments are addressed, and if flow is smooth ensures all aspects of an argument align logically. Applying these guiding questions focuses the revision process on crafting a sharply reasoned, watertight argument.

With patience and rigor, revising transforms a mediocre first draft into refined, compelling finished work. The intensive effort of self-review develops writing abilities that will pay dividends across disciplines and careers. And most importantly, revising with purpose leads to forceful, polished arguments that stand ready to change minds and shape perspectives.

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